Uruguay Permanent Recidency Process

November 12, 2021

Documents to bring with you to Uruguay

To apply for residency, you can enter Uruguay as a tourist and make your application in person at Uruguay’s national immigration office, Dirección Nacional de Migración (DNM). 

The documents you’ll need to bring from you’re home country include
• a birth certificate.
• a marriage certificate.
• a police certificate for each country you’ve lived in during the last five years. If you are a U.S. citizen you need an FBI report instead of a police report.
• documented proof of income.

Your birth certificate, marriage certificate, and non-Interpol (non-U.S.) police records must be authenticated by apostille (an official pre-printed form) affixed to the document by the appropriate authority in the appropriate jurisdiction.

For example, you’d get your birth certificate legalized with an apostille where you were born. A marriage certificate would need an apostille where you were wed.

If you’re in the U.S., this would be the office of the Secretary of State or acting deputy for the State where the event occurred.

Note: The marriage certificate is not mandatory. But by bringing it, only one spouse needs to prove an income source.

The non-Interpol (non-U.S.) police records must be apostilled in the country where they were issued.

If you’re a U.S. citizen, you may bring your apostilled background check from the FBI. However, you can also get it from Uruguay through the Interpol office in Montevideo, which is often an easier process.

Once You’re in Uruguay

Once you arrive in Uruguay, you get your apostilled documents translated into Spanish by an official public translator.

The legalized translated birth certificate must also be registered with the Registro de Extranjeros, which will issue a document you’ll need to get your Uruguayan resident ID card.

Besides these documents, you’ll need a carné de salud (Uruguay health card) and a medios de vida (an income certificate).

The health card requires a medical exam at an authorized clinic in Uruguay. The exam is to assess your health. It’s not a screening test. It includes a health interview, vision test, looking at your teeth, and a blood and urine test.

For the income certification, you must prove an income in keeping with your living standard. For a single person, the minimum is around $1,500 per month. The source and amount of your income must be verified by an escribano, a Uruguayan legal professional authorized to prepare your income verification certificate.

Any source of income from abroad is acceptable, such as a pension, social security, lease income, or business income.

You may need to set up transfers to a Uruguayan bank to help prove your income. (More on getting a Uruguayan bank account in a moment.)

Make Your Application and Get Your Temporary Resident ID Card

Once you’ve made your application and provided all the required documents, you become a temporary resident of Uruguay—known as a residente en trámite (a resident in process).

The next step is to get a Uruguayan photo ID card called a cédula. As a resident in process, you get a temporary cédula, marked with “en trámite” to use until your final approval.

The immigration department will give you the documents you’ll need to get your temporary cédula at the Dirección Nacional de Identificación Civil (DNIC). As mentioned, you’ll also need the birth certificate registration document issued to you by the Registro de Extranjeros.

Final Approval

It often takes around a year for your completed residency application to be processed.

When it’s fully approved, the immigration office will provide the documents you need to trade in your temporary cédula for a permanent one.


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